Ndinoda kuona nzvimbo. Ini ndinoda kufamba kunzvimbo dzepedyo nekure uye ndinofamba pamusoro padzo kusvikira mhuru dzangu dzatsva nekumanikidzwa kupfuura. Nekudaro, ini ndinofarira kunyadziswa kwese kunoenderana nekuzvitakura kuenda kunzvimbo dziri kure zvishoma. Ndinoda teleport - asi zvichazomboitika here?

Ndakapedza zororo rangu rekupedzisira kunze kwenyika muLisbon, mu2019, mwedzi mishoma chirwere kubva kuChina chakachinja hupenyu hwedu. Sarudzo yenzvimbo ino yakazove ziso renzombe - ndakafadzwa neguta rino uye ndichafara kudzokera kwariri mune ramangwana. Dambudziko chete naro nderekuti iko kunowanikwa kumagumo kwekondinendi yeEurope, saka kuenda kuguta rePortugal kwakanyanya kuomarara pane kuenda kudhorobha rinotevera.

Ndakafamba nendege, saka handikwanise kunzwa urombo zvakanyanya kana - mushure mezvose, ndiyo inokurumidza sarudzo, yakanyanya kugadzikana pane kuenda nemotokari kana nechitima. Nekudaro, haisi isina zvayakanakira - kazhinji unofanirwa kumuka mambakwedza kuti uende kunhandare. Kana isu tine mota, isu tinofanirwa kufunga nezve kuti tichaimisa kupi uye kuti mari yekupaka haizokubhadharise mari diki. Kana tisina mota, saka unofanirwa kukumbira munhu kusimudzira, kana kumuka kare woenda kubhazi rinozotiendesa kunhandare yendege.

Pane kushushikana kwakawanda kwakatimirira ipapo, nekuti ndege haisi tramu uye inotevera haizosvika mumaminitsi makumi maviri. Kana tikanonoka, isu tiri - semen omen - shiri. Saka isu tinomhanya takatenderedza senge mhuri yemusoro wenyaya yemufirimu "Kevin kumba ega", tichitsvaga horo yekuenda chaiyo, nzvimbo yekutarisa, nezvimwe zvakanaka kana zvakashata mhedzisiro. muMajorca isu tichafanirwa kuita pasina ichi chinhu. Yakanga iri kamera here? Pamwe sunscreen, chinotsiva chauchazofanira kutenga ipapo panzvimbo yemakumi mashanu euros? Kana kuti pamwe takasiya mwana anozofanira kuzvidzivirira pamakororo maviri?

Pakupedzisira, tinokurumidza kudya sangweji yekumwa uye tinonwa bhodhoro rese remvura kune yekufona, nekuti hatigone kuve nezvinhu izvi zvakarambidzwa kuseri kwegedhi. Isu pakupedzisira tinokwira ndege ndokugara pasi pachigaro chedu. Kana tikazvibhadharira, kana isu takangoita rombo rakanaka murotari yehupenyu, tinowana chigaro nepahwindo uye tinogona kuona maonero. Kana zvisiri, chinhu chega chatinogona kuona kuseri kwechigaro chiri pamberi pedu, kana musana wemumwe waifamba naye akatarisa nepahwindo re ndege. Kana mamiriro ekunze akanaka, isu tinopedzisira tabhururuka kunze, kana zvisiri, tinomirira zvishoma kuti vavandudze uye tinovimba kuti rwendo rwedu haruzove musoro wenyaya wemabasa enhau manheru.

Iyi iri, chokwadi, vhezheni ine vhudzi - isu tiri kutaura pano nezve inokurumidza uye yakachengeteka sarudzo yekufamba-kure-kure kufamba, iyo - uku uchichengeta musoro unotonhorera mukati mesangano - haisi kunyanya kunetsa. Mushure mezvose, nzira yekufambisa inoita senge iri kuyedza zvakanyanya, iyo yaizokwanisa kutitakura isu tiende kune yakatarisana chikamu chekondinendi, kana kunyangwe iyo nyika yese, nekamwe kamwe keminwe. Ndiri kureva teleportation, hongu - asi zvinoita here?

Tichazombokwanisa here kusiya echinyakare nzira dzekufamba zvachose? (mufananidzo: OrnaW, Pixabay License).

Indaneti, asi yakawanda

Ini ndakakurudzirwa kufungidzira nezve mheni-inokurumidza teleportation nekuda kweruzivo nezve yakasarudzika rekodhi - American-Canada timu yemasayendisiti (kusanganisira NASA, California Institute of Technology, Harvard uye University of Calgary) akakwanisa kutakura 44 km, kana chimwe chakadai. inosekesa kutaura mhiri kwemakungwa, pamusoro pe 27 mamaira, qubits, ndiko kuti, zvidiki zvidiki zveruzivo rwehuwandu. Izvi zvinorevei chaizvo kuvanhu?

Zvakanaka, isu tinogona kupupura kutanga kweiyo huwandu hweInternet, inova isingangoshanda chete, asi zvakare yakachengeteka kupfuura yazvino dhata rekuchinjisa mhinduro. Maitiro ese akavakirwa pane izvo zvinonzi quantum entanglement - maquubiti maviri akabatana kune mumwe nemumwe uye, kunyangwe paine panyama pakati pakati pavo, tora iwo akafanana maitiro. Pathologically, zvichireva zvinonzwisisika zvirinani kwandiri, akatsanangura maitiro aya paWebhu reSpider - kana qubit iri mumutepfenyuro, i.e. muSosnowiec, inotora kukosha 1, ipapo qubit muWarsaw ichaita zvakafanana. Muzhinji, isu tiri kubata pano neicho chiitiko chequantum teleportation, iyo inotonzwika kurira kwazvo, asi pamwe inoda makore mazhinji ekutsvaga kuita kuti hupenyu huve nyore kune avhareji Kowalski.

Sezvo SpeedTest.pl inonongedza, pane yega yega inotapurirwa qubit panofanirwa kuve nemaviri mabhureki eruzivo anotumirwa pamusoro petsika chiteshi, i.e. fiber optic. Kuvandudzwa kweiyi tekinoroji, zvisinei, mutambo wakakodzera kenduru, nekuti - zvirinani mune dzidziso - data rekufambisa rinofanirwa kuve rakachengeteka zvachoseuye kana ruzivo rukabatwa, chipingamupinyi chakaputswa, saka uyo anogona kubira anoona chete meseji yekodhi.

Ndinovimba handina kukanganisa pane iyi nharo chero, nekuti nyaya yacho haisi yekungonakidza chete asi zvakare yakaoma zvakaoma. Zvakaomarara zvekuti mazuva ano zvakaoma kufungidzira huwandu hwekutumira telefoni sechiitiko chakajairika sekutadza kwemodem isu tichine basa rakakosha remakomputa ekupedzisa. Parizvino, hunyanzvi uhu hunogona kushandiswa nemakomputa akasimba kwazvo murabhoritari, uye kusunganidzwa kwema qubits kunoda kutonhodza masisitimu kusvika zero zvachose. Saka (parizvino) iko kuziva pane kuita shanduko.

Quantum Internet ndeyekuti ive yakachengeteka (pikicha: pixelcreatures, Pixabay License)

Teleportation, asi munhu

Nekudaro, izvi zviedzo zvinopisa fungidziro, nekuti anenge ese mafambiro akaitwa mune zvidiki matanho Madzitateguru edu akatanga nekuzvimisira moto nekuvhenekera mubako, uye takasvika padanho rinoshamisa mune iyi nyaya zvekuti nhasi ndinogona netsaona kubatidza tochi yakavakirwa mu smartphone yangu uye kuburitsa foni mumasekondi gumi nemashanu - musingazive uye musina kuiburitsa muhomwe. Chishamiso chezana ramakumi maviri nemasere!

Kuva (zvishoma) kwakakomba, zvakakodzera kufunga kuti netsaona - pamwe mune ramangwana riri kure kupfuura mune ramangwana - hatizokwanise kutumira zvipenyu. Zvinoreva kuti kuzvitumira kuLisbon kweimwe Mugovera mangwanani, kushanyira dunhu reAlfama uye kudzokera kumba kwemanheru pasina nguva. Ini ndinonzwa kuti indasitiri yehotera inogona kuva ne "asi" kune yakadaro mhinduro, asi pamwe zvingave zvichikwanisika kumisikidza teleporters pamberi peaya ese mahotera-motels.

Ngatirege kuvanza kuti kwakadaro kwekufambisa vafambi chiroto chiroto chevanhu vese - zvinonyatso kuoneka mumabasa mazhinji etsika. Ndichiri kutamba ne qubits, midhiya inowanzo kutaurwa nezve "Star Trek" - muchokwadi, ichi chisiko chakakurudzira zvakanyanya pfungwa ye teleportation. Mune katuni "Vachengeti veNguva", iro robhoti Larry 3000 akakwanisa kuzvifambisa iye nevamwe vake kwete muchadenga chete, asi zvakare munguva, achiwedzera chimwe chidhinha (kufamba kwenguva ingori nhaurwa huru yehurukuro yakasarudzika).

Mukushandurwa kwaBurton naCharlie uye Chocolate Fekitori, Willy Wonka, kusanganiswa kweanamuzvinabhizimusi, muimbi, muvambi, uye chishuwo, anovandudza tekinoroji inomugonesa kutakura chokoreti pamusoro pechiratidzo cheterevhizheni. Chiitiko chiri munzira yeparodhi ya2001: A Space Odyssey. Munyika yaHarry Potter, varoyi vanogona kuzvitumira pachavo, kana kushandisa rudzi rwevatakuri - nzvimbo yemoto yakabatana netambo network, kana izvo zvinonzi Portkey.

Ini ndaigona kutaura akawanda emhando dzakadai, kusanganisira "Dhiragoni Bhora". Nekudaro, kunyangwe munyika yekufungidzira, ivo vagadziri vakaona kuti maitiro ekufambisa vanhu kubva panzvimbo kuenda kunzvimbo, atomu neatomu, inogona kunetsa. Muchiitiko chaWonka, chokoreti bar yaifanirwa kunge yakakura muhukuru, nekuti yaive ichiderera painowoneka paTV. Dai Potter akange azvikanganwa panguva yekutumira teleport (uye sezvamunoziva, aisada iyi mike), aigona kutsemura muviri wake nepakati.

Kufamba asi nematambudziko

Tinofanira kubuda munyika yekufungidzira, hatifanirwe kunge tine kutya kwakafanana shure kwezvose? Chii chingaitika kana, semuenzaniso, panguva yekutumira teleport, mutepfenyuro kana wekugashira akangoerekana abviswa pamagetsi? Tingaramba here pa "kutanga" kana kuyengerera kumwe muchadenga sa cosmonaut Alexei Leonov? Tinogona kurasikirwa nemunwe kana gumbo rose nekuda kwekukanganisa kwemuchina? Sezvo - kusvika parizvino - ma qubits akadaro anongofungidzira akafanana zvivakwa, isu taizozvifambisa pachedu mukugadzira kopi yedu pachedu? Kana maatomu akarasika kumwe kunhu, chikonzero chedu uye kunyange hunhu hwedu zvaisazoshandukawo?

Iyi mibvunzo inonakidza iyo, kune rumwe rutivi, inoita kuti iwe ude kuziva uye, kune rumwe rutivi, zadza musoro wako nekusahadzika pamusoro pekuti zvichazomboita here kutumira vanhu telefoni, kutanga, zvachose, uye chechipiri, kuchengetedzeka pane kuzvitumira iwe muhomwe papositi hofisi. Asi ndiani achatitadzisa kurota kuti rimwe zuva manheru tichapinda muterevhizheni yedu pachedu uye mushure mekanguva tichakwanisa kufamba famba tichitenderedza Tokyo, kudunhu reShinjuku kana Akihabara, kwatinotenga zvemagetsi zvemazuva ano?

Parizvino, zvakadaro, ngatifarei kuti sainzi inokura, nhanho nhanho, kusungwa kwequbits. Pamwe iyo yakawanda yeinternet inozopedzisira yave padhuze neyechokwadi sekukurumidza kuenda kuTokyo neLisbon muzviroto zvedu.

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